Dementia a Progressive Loss of Cognitive Function Marked By Memory Problems

Dementia is an umbrella term that refers to age-related cognitive decline caused by a variety of factors as well as by the aging process, in some people. The term is also used to refer to a range of symptoms, from some minor difficulty functioning to severe impairment. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s Disease, a condition that affects more than 5 million Americans. There is currently no cure for most types of dementia, but certain treatments can help alleviate the symptoms temporarily.

What are the warning signs of dementia?

When a person experiences memory and thinking problems that prevent them from functioning normally on an ongoing basis, they have dementia. There are three major red flags for dementia: either the individual, their family, or a doctor gets concerned that there has been a significant decline in memory and thinking ability; their performance on thinking or memory tests is impaired; and/or issues related to thinking and memory problems are interfering with everyday activities, from the complex (cleaning, cooking, taking medicine) to the simple (bathing, dressing, eating, and using the bathroom).

How do you get dementia?

Dementia is not a diagnosis—it says nothing about the underlying cause of thinking and memory impairment. Dementia can be caused by a variety of factors, including thyroid disorders, vitamin deficiencies, side effects of prescriptions, depression, anxiety, infections, strokes, Parkinson’s disease, and other medical problems. In some cases, cognitive impairment may be reversible if diagnosed and treated early enough.

Source: Dementia | Psychology Today

.

Related contents:

“Dementia”. medlineplus.gov. Retrieved 20 January 2022.

Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) for the detection of dementia in clinically unevaluated people aged 65 and over in community and primary care populations” (PDF)

“Differential diagnosis dementia”. NICE. Retrieved 20 January 2022.

 The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry. American Psychiatric Pub. p. 311. ISBN 978-1-58562-257-3. Archived from the original on 2017-09-08.

Dementia prevention, intervention, and care: 2020 report of the Lancet Commission”. Lancet. 396 (10248): 413–446. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30367-6. PMC 7392084. PMID 32738937.

Global, regional, and national burden of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016″. Lancet Neurol. 18 (1): 88–106. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30403-4. PMC 6291454. PMID 30497964.

Olfactory dysfunction in the pathophysiological continuum of dementia” (PDF). Ageing Research Reviews. 55: 100956. doi:10.1016/j.arr.2019.100956. PMID 31479764. S2CID 201742825.

Research criteria for the diagnosis of prodromal dementia with Lewy bodies”. Neurology (Review). 94 (17): 743–55. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000009323. PMC 7274845. PMID 32241955.

Memory loss : a practical guide for clinicians. [Edinburgh?]: Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 978-1-4160-3597-8.

Mortality and Morbidity Statistics”. icd.who.int. Retrieved 20 January 2022.

Screening for cognitive impairment in older adults: A systematic review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 159 (9): 601–12. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-159-9-201311050-00730. PMID 24145578.

Assessment and management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia”. BMJ. 350: h369. doi:10.1136/bmj.h369. PMC 4707529. PMID 25731881.

Management of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia”. Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi. 51 (4): 303–12. doi:10.5152/npa.2014.7405. PMC 5353163. PMID 28360647.

Inhibition in Cognition”. http://www.apa.org. Retrieved 7 February 2021.

Psychiatric Comorbidity in Persons With Dementia: Assessment and Treatment

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: