Simple Ways To Deal With Negative People

There’s no question that being positive and optimistic both cushions the blows of adversity and makes it easier to notice and take advantage of opportunities when they come your way. But staying positive is difficult if you’re forced to deal with negative people, a category that unfortunately includes a large percentage of the workplace population.

Here’s what you can do to ensure that the complainers don’t bring you down with them:

1. Avoid them when possible.

This probably goes without saying, but the absolute best way to deal with negative people is to cut them out of your life.At work, don’t hang out with them at the water cooler or sit next to them at lunch. Uninvite them to any meeting at which their presence is not absolutely required.

If they’re customers who you can’t avoid, stay cordial and friendly but don’t get sucked into a deeper relationship. If you’re online, don’t read the comments sections on political blogs or anywhere else where people vent anonymously. That’s like drinking from a sewer.

2. Don’t go Pollyanna on them.

When you must deal with negative people, the worst thing you can do is get all bright-eyed and bushy-tailed. Your display of positivity won’t cheer them up. Quite the contrary. They’ll see it as a challenge and amp up their negativity to compensate.

Being optimistic around a pessimist is like painting a target on your forehead–a target at which the pessimist will aim his or her hatred and unhappiness. Don’t believe me? Google “I hate optimists” and read some of the spew. Negative people are invested in their negativity. You’re not going to jolly them out of it.

3. Agree, then weaken by rephrasing.

Negative people express themselves using negative, emotionally charged words (such as hate, sucks, crap, effing, and so forth). Because such words are loaded, they make the negative person more miserable and negative. It’s a classic feedback loop.The only way to help negative people out of that loop is to edge them out of it by putting yourself on their side.

To do this, you immediately agree with every negative statement that they make. Then, as part of that agreement, you rephrase what they said using words that are less loaded.

Examples:

  • Debbie: “I absolutely hate it with a passion when…”
  • You: “Yes, it’s irritating when that happens…”
  • Debbie: “This totally sucks.”
  • You: “So true. There are some real challenges here.”

When you do this, you’ll notice that the negative person will actually change her physiology. Her body straightens, her glowering frown lightens up.Do this long enough and you can actually erode a person’s negativity to the point where he can take off the crap-colored glasses. It can take a long time, though.

4. Clear your head afterward.

Dealing with negative people taxes and drains your energy. Therefore, whenever you’re forced to deal with such folk, take time afterward to recharge your emotional batteries.

The best thing to do after dealing with a downer is to call or visit a kindred spirit who shares your basically positive attitude.If that’s not possible, go for a walk, listen to some music, read something inspirational. Do something–anything–that creates a mental break.

Failing to do this is like failing to wash yourself or change your clothes after wading through mud. If you’re not careful, negativity can and will stick to you. In fact, that’s the reason that negative people are negative. It’s a learned behavior. After all, most children are natural optimists.

Source: Simple Ways to Deal With Negative People | Inc.com

.

Related contents:

Social factors having greater negative impact on health of First Nations people, northern… CBC.ca

19:01 Mon, 19 Dec
16:49 Mon, 19 Dec
14:21 Mon, 19 Dec
13:52 Mon, 19 Dec
03:40 Fri, 16 Dec
22:20 Thu, 15 Dec
17:52 Wed, 14 Dec
18:33 Wed, 07 Dec
02:32 Sun, 04 Dec
03:34 Thu, 01 Dec
18:25 Tue, 29 Nov

.

Marketing Programs You May Like:

10BoldActions   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383942/
3D Pal Toons     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/381689/
4brandcommercial        https://jvz1.com/c/202927/375487
7 Minutes Kit      https://jvz8.com/c/202927/374505/
9 figure Success        https://jvz8.com/c/202927/384653/
Ad Raven      https://jvz4.com/c/202927/382796/
ADA Bundle   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/389298/
Ada leadz     https://jvz8.com/c/202927/376381
ADA Web      https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383751/
AdRaven       https://jvz3.com/c/202927/382851/
Adsense Machine      https://jvz2.com/c/202927/290487
Adtivate Agency      https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383700/
AdvertSuite     https://jvz1.com/c/202927/335011/
AdzHero     https://jvz2.com/c/202927/366972/
AffiliateMatic     https://jvz3.com/c/202927/381148/
Agency Client Finder    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/384619/
AgencyScale      https://jvz4.com/c/202927/383111/
AIWA Commercial     https://jvz2.com/c/202927/365061
ALL-in-One HD Stock    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381560
Animaxime    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/383307/
Appimize      https://jvz8.com/c/202927/370227
Appoint B Agency     https://jvz1.com/c/202927/384630/
Appointomatic      https://jvz6.com/c/202927/374258
Appowls    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381231/
Art Of Living    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/382425/
Audiencetoolkit     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/302715
Audika   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/383635/
Audio Studio  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/389119/
Aweber Crash Course     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/383057/
Backlinkindexer    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/88118
BettingMaster      https://jvz2.com/c/202927/387079/
BevTraders    http://www.bevtraders.com/?ref=arminham
Big Audio Club     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/380087/
BigAudio Club    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/380877/
Boost Optimism   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/380692/
BrandElevate   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381807/
BrandElevate   https://jvzoo.com/c/202927/381812
Bybit     https://www.bybit.com/en-US/invite?ref=ALEXP
CanvaKitz    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/379051/
ChatterPal    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/324615
Clientfinda   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/370806
Clipsreel   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/372682
Commission smasher   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/376879
Content Gorilla   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/330783
Content Tool Kit   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/329145/
contentGenie   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/387717/
CourseAlly eLearning   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/384759/
CourseReel   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/355249
Courserious   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/360397/
Coursova   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/376527
Creaitecontent  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/376986
Credit Repair   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/377815/
Cryptokit    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/383809/
CryptoRocket    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/378113/
CryptoUnderworld     https://jvz8.com/c/202927/374345/
Dealcheck     https://dealcheck.io?fp_ref=armin16
DesignaSuite      https://jvz2.com/c/202927/297271
DesignBeast    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/371547
DevelopSelfEmpowerment     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/383094/
DFYContentClub     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/381337/
DFYSuite   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/381194/
Diabetes Guide    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/358870/
Diddly Pay’s    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/315596
Diet fitness diabetes   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/286851
Domainname    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/377005
Dominate Email   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/386980/
Doodleoz   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/388622/
Doodleoz   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/388700/
Dropshiply   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383483/
DUX Forex Signals   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/128215/
Easy NFT  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381381/
EasyRankr   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/357707/
EBook Agency    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/384573/
Ejaculation Total   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/75989/
Email Monetizer    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/386337/
EngagerMate  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/328172
EngageYard   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/383051/
Explaindio    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/123757/
Extreme Adz   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/379244/
Extreme Coupon  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/216101/
EZ Local Appointment  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/385180/
EZDeals  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/377689/
Ezy  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/381935/
Ezy MultiStores  https://jvzoo.com/c/202927/381935
Facebook Cash Machine   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/382333/
Facedrip  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/376325/
FaceSwap   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381768/
Fade To Black   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/344541
Fanpage  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/144349
Fitness Nutrition   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/353334/
Followup Builder   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/386313/
Forex Atlatian   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/25069/
Forex Blizz   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/144577/
Forex Blue Stark  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/47481/
Forex expert   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/376877
Forex Hybrid Scalper    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/95037/
Forex Joustar   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/381617/
Forex Mastery   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/144621/
Forex Scouts   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/132677/
forrk  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/373449
FusionMT4    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/372523/
FX Goldminer  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/381439/
Galactic  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/188236/
Gaming job   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/184902  s
Genesis Mining   https://www.genesis-mining.com/a/2535466
Gluten free   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/296191
GMB Snap  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/376661/
Graphic Alta  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/324492/
Heal Your Emptiness   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/384848/
High Converting Emails  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/386305/
HostLegends    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/384774/
Hostley Domain Creator   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/379223/
Human Synthesys Studio  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/367353/
ImageX   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/363237/
IMSyndicator  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/370769
Inboxr   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/312692
Insta Keyword    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/351606/
Instant Website   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/377557
InstantWebsiteBundle          https://jvz6.com/c/202927/377557
iTraffic X  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/320466
keysearch  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/236407/
KlickCourse   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/385006/
KlickXCopy    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/385458/
Klippyo Kreators  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/327447
KoinCart   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/383555/
LeadsGorilla   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/390077/
Leadvalet   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/385580/
LegalSuites   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/388896/
Levidio Royal Podcasting   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/384025/
Linkable DFY   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/385873/
Linkomatic  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/380937/
LiteTrading   https://www.litefinance.com/?uid=929237543
Live Your Truth  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/379020
Living An Intentional Life    https://jvzoo.com/c/202927/382455
Living an International Life    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/382455/
Local Leader   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/383751/
Local Sites   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/380543/
LocalAgencyBox  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/359468
LocalCentric   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/379339/
LocalioAI    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/378310/
MarketAll      https://jvz2.com/c/202927/386971/
Marketingblocks     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/374934
MarketPresso   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/343043/
Massfluence  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/386885/
Mat1 Simple Funnel   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/380197/
Maxslides  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/376842
Mech Forex Robot   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/383447/
MediaCloudPro   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/343635
Megasuite   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383953/
MemberOwls   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/389039/
Mobi First   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/353694/
Motion Kingdom Studio  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/383177/
Movid Animation  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/380385/
MT4Code System   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/376925
My Passive Income   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/384099/
MyMailIt   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/292919
MyTrafficJacker   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/353558
Next Drive  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/371095/
NichBox  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/370705/
Organic Life Guide  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/366872/
Pcommerce   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/372265/
Phemex  https://phemex.com/register-vt1?referralCode=D8HUS2
Photokit  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/373207/
PicsAds   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/385468/
PigMoneyMethod   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/377665/
Pipstock    http://pipstockexchange.com/register?ref=204
Pitchdeck   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/347847/
Pixal  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/378775/
PixaStudio    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/373089/
Pixivid   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/385213/
PlanB Muscle Growth   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/36517/
PlayerNeos   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/376962
Podcast Advantage   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/379995/
Podcast Masterclass  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/379998/
PodKastr    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/369500/
PopLinks    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/368095/
Postradamus     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/108695
Power Reviews    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/384625/
Powrsuite   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/376361
PR Rage  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/343405
Prime Stocks   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/369164
Profile mate    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/358049
Promovidz   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/375692/
Push Button Traffic   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/301402
PWA Agency   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/353694/
QR Verse   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383865/
Quintex Capital     https://quintexcapital.com/?ref=arminham
Quit Smoking    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/359081/
QuizMatic   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/387116/
Reputor   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/380159/
ReVideo  https://jvzoo.com/c/202927/381761
ReviewReel   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/382663/
Rewriter   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/353373/
RSI SEO   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/384381/
Scriptdio   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/385387/
Self Validation   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/389174/
Sendiio   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/325450/
Seniors Income    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/383888/
Senuke  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/279944
ShopABot   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/291955
ShopFunnels   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/384069/
SocialAgency360   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/385357/
SocialMediaMarketing   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/243553/
SociCake  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/321987
Socifeed   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/375706
SociJam  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/309649
Soronity  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/368736
SqribbleEbook   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/283867
Stackable Picture   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/385046/
Steven Alvey’s   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/351754
Stock Mages   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/388669/
Stoodaio   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/372094
Storymate    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/320972
StoryReel   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/387813/
StreamPilot   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/385431/
Studioninja   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/374965
Sunday Freebie  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/267113/
Super backdrop   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/376524
Survai    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/380933/
Syndranker    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/378143/
Talkingfaces   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/375550
The Internet Marketing   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/289944
Tonai Voice Content   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/383119/
Toon Video Maker    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/357201
TrafficForU   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/381950/
Trendio  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/381003/
TubePal   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/379863/
Tubeserp   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/370472
TubeTargeter  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/377211
TuneMingo    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/386556/
TV Boss Fire  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/379480/
Ultrafunnels A.I   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/381129/
VIADZ Ad Template  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/379307/
Vidcentric   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/376095
Viddeyo    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/382326/
ViddleInteract   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/388716/
Videevolve   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381011/
Vidently   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/387798/
Video Campaignor      https://jvz4.com/c/202927/387058/
Video Games   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/184902/
VideoEnginePro     https://jvz2.com/c/202927/372916
VideoGameSuite    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/366537/
VideoRobot Enterprise   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/291061
VidKreate   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/386029/
VidMingo   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/378359/
VidRaffle   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/386840/
VidSnatcher    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/342585
VidVoicer    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/379983/
Vidzura   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/385754/
Viral dash   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/375959
Viral Quotes      https://jvz2.com/c/202927/386984/
VirtualReel   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/376849
Vocalic  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/383848/
VoiceBuddy    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/342854
VR Studio  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/388296/
WebCop  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/378683/
Webinarkit   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383937/
Webprimo   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/379455/
WordPress Mastery   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/386249/
WowBackgraounds   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/381556/
WP GDPR    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/299907
WP Simulator    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/46987/
Writer Arc   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/386602/
writing job   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/213027
XBrain Forex   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/372305/
XFUNNELS   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/310335
Xinemax  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/381749/
YoDrive   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/384700/
YoSeller   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/387544/
Your 3DPal   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/381685/
YTSuite   https://jvzoo.com/c/202927/381179
Zappable   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/367328/

Boeing, Qatar Airways strike deal for 777-8 freighter, 737 Max 10 orders

Qatar Airways has committed to order up to 50 Boeing 777-8 freighter jets, including 34 firm orders and options for 16 additional planes, in a total purchase worth more than $20 billion at current list prices.

The order, which marks the largest freighter commitment in Boeing history by value, will support hundreds of U.S. suppliers from across 38 states, sustain more than 35,000 U.S. jobs and provide an annual estimated economic impact of $2.6 billion during the contract’s delivery period, according to Boeing.

Boeing will build the 777-8 Freighter in its Everett, Washington, factory, with the first delivery expected in 2027. The aircraft will include GE9X engines produced by GE Aviation. With a range of 4,410 nautical miles, the 777-8 Freighter has a maximum structural payload of 118 tonnes, allowing customers to make fewer stops and reduce landing fees on long-haul routes.

Boeing and Qatar Airways signed a letter of intent to purchase five 777 Freighters, valued at $1.7 billion at list prices, on Jan. 31, 2022. This rendering shows the airplane in the carrier’s livery. (Boeing illustration)

As part of the agreement, Qatar Airways will convert 20 of its 60 777X family orders to the 777-8 Freighter and order two of Boeing’s current 777 freighters.

In addition, the companies signed a memorandum of understanding for an order of up to 50 Boeing 737-10 aircraft, including 25 firm orders and options for 25 additional planes, for a total value of nearly $7 billion at current list prices.

Pain pathway” a promising new drug target to treat osteoarthritis pain

Artificial muscles made of human proteins make for better implants

Monday’s announcement covers up to 102 airplanes total with a list price value of approximately $34 billion inclusive of engines.

The deal was solidified during a formal signing ceremony at the White House on Monday by Boeing Commercial Airplanes CEO Stan Deal and Qatar Airways Group CEO Akbar Al Baker. Other officials in attendance included Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, White House National Economic Council Director Brian Deese, Boeing CEO Dave Calhoun and Qatar’s ambassador to the U.S., Sheikh Mishaal bin Hamad Al Thani.

Qatar Airways Group CEO Akbar Al Baker and Boeing’s Kevin McAllister sign a memorandum of understanding for five Boeing 777 Freighters in the presence of the Qatari Minister of Finance and Qatar Airways Chairman Ali Sharif Al Emadi (left) and Qatar a (Boeing)

“The Biden administration has prioritized the revitalization of our manufacturing economy. This investment from our friends in Qatar represents another step toward fulfilling that priority,” Raimondo said in a statement. “It means good jobs right here in America, billions of dollars more in exports, and a much-needed boost to America’s manufacturing sector.”

Raimondo added that the deal “underscores the importance of revitalizing America’s semiconductor industry.”

“Each of these aircraft will require an enormous amount of chips, which is why the administration is urging Congress to put a semiconductor bill on President Biden’s desk as soon as possible,” she said. 

Qatar Airways’ move comes less than two weeks after Airbus ended its contract for 50 A321neo planes, a direct competitor to Boeing’s Max jets, amid a months-long dispute over cracked paint and other issues on its A350 planes. Boeing shares surged on news of the order.

Source: Boeing, Qatar Airways strike deal for 777-8 freighter, 737 Max 10 orders | Fox Business

.

More contents:

Increasing Empathy: Focus On Restorative Practices As Students Return To The Classroom

Our return to brick and mortar schooling is upon us and like any back-to-school season, we are filled with anticipation, hope, and curiosity. To finally have our classrooms filled with children is a gift that we have longed for over this past challenging year. With all this excitement, we need to ensure we are planning with our students in mind.

Specifically, prioritizing their social and emotional health. It’s no secret that our world faced incredible trauma during the pandemic. As educators, it’s important that we increase our empathy and focus on the tools and practices that will support awareness and expression of emotions and dialogue, rather than focus on punishment-oriented outcomes. I’m not suggesting that we should conduct therapy sessions, as that is not in our training and we have school psychologists to collaborate with in  those situations.

One of the main things we can commit to doing is increasing empathy in our classrooms. We can employ restorative practices, a social science that studies how to build classroom community and strengthen relationships. The idea is that when we feel part of a supportive community where we belong, we respect those around us and become accountable for our actions.

It’s about building community and using authentic dialog when responding to challenging behavior in an effort to “make things right.” When these practices are put in place, teachers and students can work together to foster safe learning environments through community building and constructive conflict resolution.

Have you considered bringing restorative practices into your classroom?  It is crucial for educators to plan for opportunities to create and sustain a culture where all learners are accepted, embraced, and heard. When developing restorative practices in your classroom, you should first establish a culture of trust and respect.

A good starting point is to identify the current issue/s in your class, identify the root causes, and then create an activity where you can facilitate restorative practices. There are many ways to begin implementation. For those of you who think restorative practice may add value to your classroom, here are two activities that can help get you started:

Restorative Circles provide an opportunity to have all students share, and listen truthfully in a way that allows the members in the circle to be seen, heard, and respected. Use this opportunity for students to collaboratively approach conflict within the classroom community and find a resolution.genesis3-2-1-1-1-1-1-2-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-1-1-1

Check out this Edutopia video to see how one school implemented a restorative circle as a means to create a safe environment for students to reflect.

Affective Language gives us the ability to identify our emotions and express them to others verbally. By using Affective Language, you can model ways of expressing our feelings and needs. There are four parts to an affective statement.

Observation: Free of labels and opinions. Makes the student feel seen and recognized by using statements such as, “I notice…” and “I hear…”.

Feelings: Express your feelings, honestly by using phrases such as, “I feel frustrated…” or “I am worried…”.

Needs: Express your needs and values by stating, “I need a safe classroom…” or “I need your help in…”.

Plans/Requests: Frame what it is that you want. For example, “Would you be ok with…” and “Next time…”.

When implementing restorative practices, it is important to take the time to conduct thoughtful preparation, and a shift in the adult mindset which requires the allocation of sufficient resources and dedication to implement new practices with consistency and sustainability.

As you begin planning for this work in your classroom, remember to take on each situation with a calm mind, questions to seek student perspective, and time to allow for students to drive the discussion.

Take these opportunities as learning moments for all community members and to open space for student voice. Below I’ve included a planning template that can support you in transforming your classroom as you lead with empathy.

Restorative Practices and PAACC

Here at LINC, we begin all of our planning with the PAACC. The image you see above is our PAACC, aligned to restorative practices. This resource will support you in keeping the “why” in mind as you plan and identify student outcomes based on the restorative practices activity you choose. Click here for our free tinker template to put your planning into action.

I’d love to hear your thoughts and reflections on how we can continue to increase empathy in our classrooms as we focus on creating restorative practice activities as students return to the classroom. If you’re looking for a thought partner, connect with me via Twitter: @CarolynHanser or email: carolynhanser@linclearning.com.

By Carolyn Hanser

Source: Increasing Empathy: Focus On Restorative Practices As Students Return To The Classroom LINC: The Learning Innovation Catalyst

.

More Contents:

How America’s Richest People Can Access Billions Without Selling Their Stock

On Saturday, Elon Musk promised to sell 10% of his Tesla stake after 58% of people voted in a Twitter poll shared by the Tesla CEO. Yesterday, Musk began to follow through, exercising about 2.15 million Tesla stock options and selling shares to cover the taxes he owed as a result. Prior to this week, he has only ever sold Tesla shares twice—in 2010 and 2016—for pre-tax proceeds of $617 million ($593 million of that went to cover taxes he owed on options). Tesla’s stock has risen over 13,000% since his last sale, and Musk is now worth an estimated $281 billion (based on Wednesday’s closing price).

When the world’s richest man wants cash, he can simply borrow money by putting up—or pledging—some of his Tesla shares as collateral for lines of credit, instead of selling shares and paying capital gains taxes. These pledged shares serve as an evergreen credit facility, giving Musk access to cash when he needs it. Musk currently has pledged 88.3 million Tesla shares, nearly 36.2% of his overall stake (excluding options), as of Wednesday worth more than $94 billion.

Musk is one of 32 billionaires identified in the Forbes 400 list of richest Americans to be pledging public stock of companies listed on the NYSE or Nasdaq exchanges as collateral for current or potential lines of credit, as disclosed in company filings. Other pledgers include fellow mega-pledger Oracle chairman Larry Ellison, Walmart heir Jim Walton, and private equity’s richest person, Stephen Schwarzman. (Three others pledged shares of foreign companies are not included in this report.)

Across all companies listed on the NYSE and Nasdaq exchanges, there are 560 executive officers and directors and 5%+ shareholders currently pledging shares; the size of the average pledge is $427 million and the aggregate value of these pledged shares is $239 billion, according to a report from Audit Analytics, an independent provider of audit, regulatory and disclosure intelligence. Within this larger group, Forbes 400 members do most of the pledging—value wise, that is. Musk’s Tesla pledge alone is 47% of that aggregate pledged share value. Removing the extreme outlier Musk, the remaining 31 Forbes 400 members account for 56% of that figure. (Data for this report were calculated Nov. 5; Tesla shares are down nearly 13% since then).


“At current interest and tax rates, it is far cheaper to borrow against the value of one’s shares than to sell them and pay taxes on the gains.”


Information on companies’ pledging policies—found in annual proxy statements—-offer a window into the murky world of billionaire borrowing. The topic entered the national microscope in June after ProPublica’s report on leaked IRS data showed that several of the richest people paid nothing in federal income taxes in certain years. Last month, a proposed wealth tax from Senate Democrat Ron Wyden failed to win political support. That measure would have taxed unrealized capital gains of America’s richest individuals.

Most details on billionaire borrowing remain private. Individuals who own less than a 5% stake in a company, or who don’t work for that company, do not report stock ownership or pledging of shares to the SEC. Many of America’s wealthiest people—232 billionaires from this year’s Forbes 400 list, to be exact—hold their fortunes primarily in private companies. Any pledges against diversified baskets of stock or private assets are not reported in company filings. Disclosure requirements also do not include reporting whether, or how much, an individual has borrowed against their pledged shares. A few billionaires Forbes contacted said they don’t have outstanding debt against their pledges.

Most larger companies don’t allow pledging: Over two-thirds (68.4%) of S&P 500 companies ban all company employees and shareholders from pledging shares for debt, 22% prohibit pledging but with exemptions for certain individuals, and only 3.4% fully permit it, according to data provided by proxy advisory firm Institutional Investors Service (ISS). “When executives or directors have a significant percentage of their equity pledged, it creates a concern from the investor perspective,” says Jun Frank, an executive director for ISS’ corporate solutions group, which advises companies on corporate governance matters.

Those concerns include margin calls: forced sales of pledged shares that can sink a company’s stock price, which risks cascading into a broader, panic-induced selloff. An example: Green Mountain Coffee Roaster’s founder Robert Stiller borrowed against his company shares to fund an increasingly extravagant lifestyle, rather than sell shares. That worked fine when the share price was rising but quickly unraveled after a short-seller called into question its accounting in May 2012. The former billionaire was forced to sell 5 million shares, worth $126 million, in one day to cover margin calls on pledged Green Mountain stock. He was then removed as Chairman of the Board.

Pledging can also create friction between directors and executive officers pledging shares and outside shareholders, says Frank: “If you no longer have certain claims to those underlying economic interests and you continue to have the voting right, that creates a mismatch between the control you can exercise over the company and the economic interest you have in the company.”

Sometimes what company founders want, in this case to pledge shares, is at odds with what board members and shareholders want, which is to disallow pledging. The software company Oracle, for example, adopted a rule in January 2018 prohibiting its directors and executive officers from pledging company shares, although one individual was exempt: Larry Ellison, Oracle’s cofounder and largest individual shareholder. But then, as now, Ellison was the only Oracle director to ever report pledging any company shares. Ellison, who boasts a fortune of over $100 billion, has been pledging shares since at least 2007, after the Securities and Exchange Commission began requiring it.

In other words, Oracle’s new pledging policy had no immediate impact on the pledging activity of its directors and executives—Ellison least of all. Since 2018, he has increased the number of his pledged Oracle shares to 317 million — worth about $28 billion — equivalent to roughly 27% of his stake and 11% of all outstanding Oracle stock. Ellison did not sell any Oracle shares between December 2010 and June 2020, a near-decade stretch of big spending for the eccentric billionaire, who splashed $300 million in 2012 to buy the Hawaiian island of Lanai and tens of millions of dollars on opulent mansions, growing a $1 billion real estate portfolio that includes at least ten  properties on Malibu’s glitzy Carbon Beach.

While Oracle does not disclose how much Ellison has borrowed against his shares, his penchant for borrowing was revealed in unsealed court documents from a shareholder lawsuit. Those documents, first reported by The San Francisco Chronicle in 2006, showed that Ellison had outstanding loans of more than $1.2 billion in 2001, and that his financial adviser had warned him, “We have a freight train going down a track hitting a debt wall.” (Oracle did not respond to Forbes’ questions about its pledging policy or Ellison’s borrowing.)

Other companies find more creative ways to exempt billionaire founders from pledging bans. Take the oil and gas firm Kinder Morgan, whose prohibition on pledging comes with a caveat: shares owned “in excess of the applicable minimum ownership guidelines” are able to be pledged. The minimum ownership requirement for directors—such as executive chairman and billionaire Richard Kinder—is three times the value of their “annual cash retainer.” Helpfully, Kinder’s annual salary is $1. That means the eponymous cofounder can effectively pledge as many shares as he likes.

Kinder, whose $7.2 billion fortune makes him the 128th wealthiest American, has pledged 40 million shares of his eponymous company — 15.6% of his overall stake, worth $679 million — for the sole purpose of buying more company stock, as described in the company’s proxy statement. To date, Kinder has purchased 10 million additional shares of Kinder Morgan, financed with debt taken out against his pledged Kinder Morgan shares. A representative for Kinder Morgan confirmed Forbes’ interpretation of its pledging rules but declined to comment further.

Some companies are upfront about their exemptions, but fail to make a convincing argument for them. The medical conglomerate Danaher simply states in its 2021 proxy statement that its sibling founders, Forbes 400 members Steven and Mitchell Rales, are exempt from its pledging ban “because [their] shares had been pledged for decades.” Each brother has pledged a significant portion of their Danaher shares, a potential red flag for margin calls: Steven Rales has pledged 78% of his equity stake (just over $10 billion), and Mitchell has pledged nearly 91% of his equity stake (slightly under $10 billion). Together, their pledges are 9.4% of all outstanding Danaher stock. (Danaher and the Rales brothers did not respond to requests for comment).

Of the Forbes 400 billionaires, oil mogul George Kaiser (net worth: $10.7 billion) has the highest ratio of pledged shares to the company’s total outstanding common stock — another red flag for margin calls. His pledge of 21 million shares of bank holding company BOK Financial Corporation (worth nearly $2.3 billion) is equal to nearly 31% of all outstanding stock. But Kaiser says he only occasionally borrows against those pledged shares. “They are just low cost, back-up lines, which we have had in place for a long time and infrequently use,” he told Forbes over email.

Tesla argues that pledging creates a kind of fiduciary relationship between pledgers and shareholders. In 2018 the electric carmaker introduced a 25% loan-to-value limit on borrowing against pledged shares, arguing that pledging gives “executive officers flexibility in financial planning without having to rely on large cash compensation or the sale of Company shares, thus keeping their interests well aligned with those of our stockholders, while also mitigating risk exposure to the Company” — a stance Tesla has reiterated in subsequent proxy filings.

ISS countered this argument in its recent proxy analysis of Tesla’s corporate governance principles. “If an executive who already owns 15 or 20 percent of a company’s outstanding shares…is not already motivated to act in the interests of shareholders, there is no credible argument that increasing that stake to 25 or 30 percent will suffice to accomplish that goal,” says the report. “Perhaps a more salient, though unspoken, factor is that at current interest and tax rates, it is far cheaper to borrow against the value of one’s shares than to sell them and pay taxes on the gains.”

So just how prevalent is pledging assets to borrow among the ultra rich? “Pretty high,” responds Jason Cain, a managing director and chief wealth strategist at advisory firm Boston Private, speaking about his firm’s highest bracket of clients: those with above $500 million in assets. (Cain declined to provide an exact percentage figure). “It’s not any different than families… who borrow for homes” and other life purchases, says Cain. “Most of these clients are aware of the uses of debt and with interest rates where they have been in the recent past, they understand the arbitrage opportunity.”

Ali Jamal, and ex-Julius Baer banker and founder of Azura, a boutique wealth management firm for billionaire entrepreneurs, says that during the stock market crash of March 2020, about 70% of Azura’s clients took on leverage — by pledging shares, but also artwork and car collections — to take on debt to buy more stock. And over the past year, about 40% of Azura clients have leveraged their way into special purpose acquisition corporations. “You can borrow at 40 basis points, max 50 basis points, to have someone very smart” identify an investment opportunity, says Jamal about the appeal of leveraging into SPACs, “and if you don’t like the opportunity, you can pull your money out.”

Borrowing against one’s shares has its risks, but for these billionaires, the rewards seem to outweigh them. “It’s perfectly legal, and it’s a little hard to say it’s immoral. Like, it’s immoral to own a growth stock? It’s immoral to borrow money?” says Edward McCaffrey, a tax law professor at USC Gould School of Law who coined the popular term “Buy, Borrow, Die” to describe how the ultra-wealthy borrow to avoid paying taxes. “So the question is, why would anybody not do it?

Follow me on Twitter or LinkedIn.

I am a New York-based journalist covering billionaires and wealth at Forbes. I studied history at Claremont McKenna College and I’m currently receiving my M.A. in business and

Source: How America’s Richest People Can Access Billions Without Selling Their Stock

.

Related Contents:

Savills and Wealth-X (2014). Around the World in Dollars and Cents (PDF). p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-05-14. Retrieved 2014-03-06.

Instagram Says Friendly Boob Slapping Violates Its Guidelines

Social media platforms have long been unwelcoming to sex workers and adult content creators trying to make a living online. Even OnlyFans, the subscription-based platform that became a billion-dollar company thanks largely to sex workers monetizing their content on the platform, announced a ban on nudity and sex that would have left sex workers out to dry (yet again) … had the company not backtracked following public outcry.

The most recent attack on sexually explicit content comes from Instagram, where some accounts have lost their “link sticker” privileges for posting images that supposedly go against the platform’s community guidelines. In an absurd report from Buzzfeed, however, Stephanie McNeal details how the policing operation has gone awry.

On top of Instagram’s needless gatekeeping, which still only allows verified accounts or accounts with over 10,000 followers to share links and resources on the platform, the update was intended to block users from further spreading content that has consistently violated Instagram’s safety policies by, say, harassing other individuals or repeatedly making use of hate speech on the platform.

While that policy sounds good in theory, the problem is that the site is currently defining harassment and hate speech in some hilariously loose terms.

Fashion and lifestyle influencer Jess Bonds (@pacificnorthjess_) told McNeal that she lost her access to the link sticker after receiving a violation for “bullying/harassment.” The infraction in question? A video of Bonds jokingly slapping her friend’s boob.

“Starting October 25, you will no longer have access to the link sticker because you have shared content that violates our community guidelines.” That means Bonds loses access to a feature (the replacement of the ol’ swipe-up) that allows her to directly share affiliate links, earning commissions off the purchases her followers make … all for playfully knockin’ around her friend’s knockers.

The platform also jacked link-sticker rights from wine and lifestyle influencer Erika Altes (@whiskeyandlace) for an instance of hate speech in which she posted a pic of her brother and wrote — brace yourselves now —  “boys are so gross.”

In a separate post, Altes racked up another ding after attempting to “incite violence.” The post very violently stated that Altes wanted to burn her house down after finding a dead mouse in her Yeti cooler.

In a statement, Instagram told McNeal, “We’re investigating an issue where people may have mistakenly been notified that they will be restricted, and we’re working on resolving this as soon as possible.”

Meanwhile, it would appear you’re still able (but not invited) to drop nonconsensual dick pics into my DMs at your leisure.

By Emily Leibert @by_emilyleibert

Source: Instagram Says Friendly Boob Slapping Violates Its Guidelines – InsideHook

.

Related Contents:

“Instagram Stories is Now Being Used by 500 Million People Daily”. Social Media Today. Retrieved April 16, 2019.

“Instagram hits 1 billion monthly users, up from 800M in September”. TechCrunch. Retrieved October 23, 2020.

Miller, Chance (December 17, 2019). “These were the most-downloaded apps and games of the decade”. 9to5Mac. Retrieved December 17, 2019.

“An Egg, Just a Regular Egg, Is Instagram’s Most-Liked Post Ever”. The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2019.

“The 20 Most Liked Pictures on Instagram”. Brandwatch. Retrieved June 10, 2021.

Lagorio, Christine (June 27, 2011). “Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, Founders of Instagram”. Inc. Retrieved October 4, 2011.

Sengupta, Somini; Perlroth, Nicole; Wortham, Jenna (April 13, 2012). “Behind Instagram’s Success, Networking the Old Way”. The New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2017.

“Take a Look Back at Instagram’s First Posts, Six Years Ago”. Time. Retrieved February 10, 2020.

“5 Of The Most Popular Instagram Accounts”. Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved February 10, 2020.

Siegler, MG (March 5, 2010). “Burbn’s Funding Goes Down Smooth. Baseline, Andreessen Back Stealthy Location Startup”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 12, 2017.

Shontell, Alyson (April 9, 2012). “Meet The 13 Lucky Employees And 9 Investors Behind $1 Billion Instagram”. Business Insider. Retrieved April 12, 2017.

Beltrone, Gabriel (July 29, 2011). “Instagram Surprises With Fifth Employee”. Adweek. Beringer Capital. Retrieved April 12, 2017.

“Instagram post by Mike Krieger • Jul 16, 2010 at 5:26pm UTC”. Instagram. Retrieved February 10, 2020.

“Instagram post by Kevin Systrom • Jul 16, 2010 at 9:24pm UTC”. Instagram.

“Here’s The First Instagram Photo Ever”. Time.

Siegler, MG (October 6, 2010). “Instagram Launches with the Hope of Igniting Communication Through Images”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Siegler, MG (February 2, 2011). “Instagram Filters Through Suitors To Capture $7 Million in Funding Led By Benchmark”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Markowitz, Eric (April 10, 2012). “How Instagram Grew From Foursquare Knock-Off to $1 Billion Photo Empire”. Inc. Mansueto Ventures. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Tsotsis, Alexia (April 9, 2012). “Right Before Acquisition, Instagram Closed $50M at A$500M Valuation From Sequoia, Thrive, Greylock And Benchmark”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

“The 26-Year-Old VC Who Cashed In On Instagram”. Forbes. Retrieved January 2, 2016.

Tsotsis, Alexia (April 3, 2012). “With Over 30 Million Users on iOS, Instagram Finally Comes To Android”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Houston, Thomas (April 3, 2012). “Instagram for Android now available”. The Verge. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Blagdon, Jeff (April 4, 2012). “Instagram for Android breaks 1 million downloads in less than a day”. The Verge. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Bell, Karissa (March 11, 2014). “Instagram Releases Faster, More Responsive Android App”. Mashable. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Cohen, David (March 11, 2014). “Twice As Quick, Half As Large: Instagram Updates Android App”. Adweek. Beringer Capital. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Constine, Josh (April 18, 2017). “Instagram on Android gets offline mode”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

O’Kane, Sean (April 19, 2017). “Instagram for Android now works offline”. The Verge. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Ghoshal, Abhimanyu (April 19, 2017). “Instagram now works offline on Android”. The Next Web. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Upbin, Bruce (April 9, 2012). “Facebook Buys Instagram For $1 Billion. Smart Arbitrage”. Forbes. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Rusli, Evelyn M. (April 9, 2012). “Facebook Buys Instagram for $1 Billion”. The New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Oreskovic, Alexei; Shih, Gerry (April 10, 2012). “Facebook to buy Instagram for $1 billion”. Reuters. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Constine, Josh; Cutler, Kim-Mai (April 9, 2012). “Facebook Buys Instagram For $1 Billion, Turns Budding Rival into Its Standalone Photo App”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Houston, Thomas (April 9, 2012). “Facebook to buy Instagram for $1 billion”. The Verge. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Segall, Laurie (April 9, 2012). “Facebook acquires Instagram for $1 billion”. CNNMoney. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

“Facebook’s Instagram bid gets go-ahead from the OFT”. BBC. August 14, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Oreskovic, Alexei (August 22, 2012). “FTC clears Facebook’s acquisition of Instagram”. Reuters. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Protalinski, Emil (April 23, 2012). “Facebook buying Instagram for $300 million, 23 million shares”. ZDNet. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Isaac, Mike (April 9, 2012). “Exclusive: Facebook Deal Nets Instagram CEO $400 Million”. Wired. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Hamburger, Ellis (November 5, 2012). “Instagram launches web profiles, but maintains clear focus on mobile”. The Verge. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

“Instagram Launches Embeddable “Badges” To Help You Promote Your Beautiful Profile On The Web”. TechCrunch. November 21, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2021.

Carr, Austin (March 25, 2014). “Instagram Testing Facebook Places Integration To Replace Foursquare”. Fast Company. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Steele, Billy (March 25, 2014). “Instagram is testing Facebook Places integration for location tagging”. Engadget. AOL. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Kastrenakes, Jacob (June 9, 2015). “Instagram is launching a redesigned website with bigger photos”. The Verge. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Lopez, Napier (June 9, 2015). “Instagram for the Web is getting a cleaner, flatter redesign”. The Next Web. Retrieved April 22, 2017.

Shadman, Aadil. “Instagram on Web Just Got a Major Design Overhaul”. propakistani.pk.

“Pre-2015 Instagram website layout screenshot”.

“Pre-June-2015 Instagram website layout screenshot with “slideshow banner””.

Kastrenakes, Jacob (May 11, 2016). “Instagram launches redesigned app and icon”. The Verge. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Perez, Sarah (May 11, 2016). “Instagram’s big redesign goes live with a colorful new icon, black-and-white app and more”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Titcomb, James (May 11, 2016). “Instagram is changing its iconic logo – here’s why”. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

Newton, Casey (April 26, 2016). “Instagram is testing a new black-and-white design”. The Verge. Retrieved April 24, 2017.

“How To Turn Off Comments On Instagram”. Bustle.

“Instagram fights abuse with comment disabling and liking”. Tech Crunch.

O’Brien, Sara Ashley (December 6, 2016). “Instagram finally lets users disable comments”. CNNMoney.

Warren, Tom (March 6, 2013). “Nokia wants Instagram for Windows Phone, piles pressure on with #2InstaWithLove”. The Verge. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Rubino, Daniel (March 5, 2013). “Nokia releases #2InstaWithLove social app to put some pressure on Instagram”. Windows Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Warren, Tom (October 22, 2013). “Official Instagram Windows Phone app arriving in the ‘coming weeks. The Verge. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Warren, Tom (November 20, 2013). “Instagram arrives on Windows Phone, lacks video recording”. The Verge. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Dredge, Stuart (November 20, 2013). “Instagram arrives on Windows Phone (and yes, you CAN take photos)”. The Guardian. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Warren, Tom (April 28, 2016). “Instagram launches on Windows 10 Mobile, finally gets video support”. The Verge. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Warren, Tom (October 14, 2016). “Instagram arrives on Windows 10 PCs and tablets, still not on iPad”. The Verge. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Protalinski, Emil (October 13, 2016). “Instagram launches for Windows 10 PCs and tablets”. VentureBeat. Retrieved April 8, 2017.

Carman, Ashley (May 8, 2017). “You can now upload Instagram photos from its mobile website”. The Verge. Retrieved May 9, 2017.

Constine, Josh (May 8, 2017). “Instagram launches mobile web sharing to pursue global growth”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved May 9, 2017.

Zoll, Keiko (May 10, 2017). “Here’s How To Use The New Instagram Mobile Website”. Romper.

“You Can Now Upload Photos to Instagram Without the Mobile App”. Later Blog. May 4, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2021.

“Instagram launches “Data Download” tool to let you leave”. TechCrunch. Retrieved October 24, 2020.

Gartenberg, Chaim (April 24, 2018). “Instagram adds new data download tool to export pictures and user information”. The Verge. Retrieved October 24, 2020.

Canales, Katie (April 24, 2018). “Instagram is rolling out a feature that will let you download all of your photos and past searches in one fell swoop”. Business Insider. Retrieved October 24, 2020.

Systrom, Kevin (September 24, 2018). “Statement from Kevin Systrom, Instagram Co-Founder and CEO”. Instagram. Retrieved September 25, 2018.

Kesbeh, Dina (September 25, 2018). “Instagram Co-Founders To Step Down”. NPR. Retrieved September 25, 2018.

“Former Facebook News Feed head Adam Mosseri to lead Instagram”. NBC News. October 1, 2018.

Constine, Josh (October 1, 2018). “Meet Adam Mosseri, the new head of Instagram”. TechCrunch.

Carman, Ashley (April 30, 2019). “Instagram will test hiding public like counts in Canada”. The Verge. Retrieved December 29, 2019.

Shaban, Hamza (May 1, 2019). “Here’s why Instagram is going to hide your ‘likes. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 1, 2019.

“Instagram hides likes count ‘to remove pressure. BBC News. July 18, 2019. Retrieved December 29, 2019.

Carman, Ashley (July 17, 2019). “Instagram expands its test to hide like counts”. The Verge. Retrieved December 29, 2019.

Yurieff, Kaya (November 14, 2019). “Instagram is now testing hiding likes worldwide”. CNN. Retrieved December 29, 2019.

Bryant, Miranda (July 9, 2019). “Instagram’s anti-bullying AI asks users: ‘Are you sure you want to post this?. The Guardian.

Lee, Dami (October 7, 2019). “Instagram’s Following tab is going away this week”. The Verge. Retrieved December 29, 2019.

“Instagram will no longer snitch on your thirsty late-night likes”. Mic. Retrieved December 29, 2019.

Lakshmanan, Ravie. “Instagram now forces people to sign in to view public profiles”. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019. Retrieved May 31, 2020.

Bell, Karissa (October 24, 2019). “You can’t lurk on Instagram anymore unless you’re logged in”. Archived from the original on May 20, 2020. Retrieved May 31, 2020.

“Is there a reason why we can no longer view instagram profiles without having to log in?: Instagram”. Archived from the original on May 31, 2020. Retrieved May 31, 2020.

“Instagram has announced a new feature that lets you share posts over video chat, and the platform sped up the rollout to make it available now that more people are quarantining amid the coronavirus outbreak”. Business Insider. Retrieved March 24, 2020.

“A look inside Reels: Can Instagram’s new feature beat TikTok?”. http://www.businessofbusiness.com. August 11, 2020.

Carman, Ashley (August 19, 2020). “Instagram rolls out suggested posts to keep you glued to your feed”. The Verge. Retrieved October 23, 2020.

“Instagram Testing TikTok-Inspired Vertical Stories in Its App”. iPhone Hacks | #1 iPhone, iPad, iOS Blog. February 3, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2021.

“Instagram removing the option to share posts in Stories for some users”. The Independent. February 3, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2021.

Carman, Ashley (March 1, 2021). “Instagram’s new Live Rooms feature lets up to four people go live at once”. The Verge. Retrieved March 1, 2021.

“Jack Ma’s SCMP Joins Hong Kong Media Groups Facing China Control”. Bloomberg.com. March 16, 2021. Retrieved March 16, 2021.

Klar, Rebecca (March 16, 2021). “Instagram to restrict direct messages between teens and adults they don’t follow”. TheHill. Retrieved March 16, 2021.

“Instagram stops adults from DMing teens who don’t follow them”. Engadget. Retrieved March 16, 2021.

“A safe version of Instagram”. NetMag. March 20, 2021. Retrieved April 22, 2021.

@instagram (May 11, 2021). “Add pronouns to your profile ✨” (Tweet) – via Twitter.

Carman, Ashley (May 11, 2021). “Instagram will let people list their pronouns on their profiles”. The Verge. Retrieved May 15, 2021.

Subin, Samantha (October 4, 2021). “Facebook is suffering its worst outage since 2008”. CNBC. Retrieved October 4, 2021.

“Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram suffer worldwide outage”. Associated Press. October 4, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2021.

Duffy, Clare; Lyngaas, Sean (October 4, 2021). “Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp go down”. CNN Business. Retrieved October 4, 2021.Wells, Georgia; Horwitz, Jeff; Seetharaman, Deepa (September 14, 2021). “Facebook Knows Instagram Is Toxic for Teen Girls, Company Documents Show”.

%d bloggers like this: