Don’t Forget To Floss: The Science Behind Dementia and The Four Things You Should Do To Prevent It

Illustration: Fran Pulido/The Guardian

The idea was simple. Recruit hundreds of people in their 80s and 90s, equip them with fitness trackers, and monitor their physical activity. Then, when the participants died, collect their brains and examine the tissue. Is there evidence, lurking in the tissue, that exercise benefits the brain?

The results, from a 2022 collaboration between the University of California in San Francisco and the University of British Columbia, were striking. Physical exercise, late in life, seemed to protect the ageing connections between brain cells – the synapses where memories are made. The work, if backed up by further studies, could see exercise, and potentially drugs that mimic biochemical aspects of activity – prescribed to help slow the onset of dementia.

We know there is a 30%-80% reduced risk of dementia in people who exercise

“We know there is a 30%-80% reduced risk of dementia in people who exercise,” says Kaitlin Casaletto, the lead author on the study and an assistant professor in neurology at UCSF. “My question was, wouldn’t it be cool if we could figure out exactly how this is happening? If we could identify some of the mechanisms of exercise for brain health? These are potential therapeutic targets we can bottle.”

A small mountain of work has linked physical exercise to better brain health and lower risk of dementia in older age. One recent study of nearly 80,000 people in the UK found that the risk of dementia was halved in people who reached the goal of 10,000 steps a day. But much is still unclear. Part of the observed benefit could be down to people with healthier brains simply exercising more.

While there are definite benefits to be had from exercise – greater blood flow to the brain, better cardiovascular health, lower blood pressure, less obesity and diabetes – there is still plenty to nail down.

Dementia is the number one killer in the UK, with the disorder affecting about 900,000 people. Most cases, about two-thirds, are driven by Alzheimer’s disease, but it is far from the only cause. Other forms, namely vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and frontotemporal dementia, arise from other processes.

Whatever the cause, the steady destruction of brain cells erodes memory, thinking, movement and personality. In old age, dementia can be several of these conditions at once.

Some of the highest rates of dementia are found in developed countries with older populations. In Germany, Italy and Japan, more than 20 in every 1,000 people have dementia compared with fewer than nine per 1,000 in proportionally younger countries including Mexico, Turkey and South Africa.

The UK sits in the middle. Indigenous groups in the Amazon have some of the lowest rates. In one recent study, researchers confirmed only six cases among 604 Bolivian Tsimane and Moseten people aged 60 and over, suggesting that lifelong physical activity and healthier preindustrial diets substantially reduce the risk.

Over the next three decades, global dementia is due to rise substantially, particularly in north Africa, the Middle East and eastern sub-Saharan Africa, where population growth and ageing will be among the driving forces.

But dementia is not inevitable, nor is it the reward for dodging other fatal conditions. Take all of the risk factors that we as individuals, or nations through their policies, might improve, and potentially 40% of cases could be prevented or delayed. We would not eradicate dementia, and many people who did everything to keep their brains healthy would still succumb to the disease…

Continue reading….

By: Science editor

Source: Don’t forget to floss: the science behind dementia and the four things you should do to prevent it | Science | The Guardian

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The Science Behind Seasonal Depression

Those who suffer from seasonal depression meet the criteria for clinical depression, but they see their symptoms improve with the onset of warmer seasons...Photo Illustration by Chris Fertnig, Getty Images

When he moved from South Africa to New York City, Norman Rosenthal noticed he felt more depressed during the cold, short days of the city’s winters than he had in his home country. “It was an illness hiding in plain sight because people said ‘well that’s how everyone feels in winter.’ They didn’t see it as treatable,” says Rosenthal, a psychiatrist at Georgetown Medical School.

In 1984, he published the first paper to scientifically name the winter blues: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), also called seasonal depression, was a type of depression brought on by the dark days of winter.  Subsequent studies have found that this form of depression varies by geography. As much as three percent of the general population is thought to experience SAD, but one study Rosenthal published in 1990 found that the condition became more prevalent in the U.S. in northern latitudes, with as many as 10 percent of New Hampshire residents reporting the condition.

And, surprisingly, about 10 percent of patients suffering from SAD have symptoms in the summertime instead. Whether in winter or summer, mental health experts say there are solutions to treat SAD.

A bad mood versus a SAD mood

It’s normal for moods to fluctuate with seasons and even for people to feel a little more down in the winter, experts say, but those suffering from SAD experience the symptoms of clinical depression. “They’re exactly the same,” says Kelly Rohan, a psychologist at the University of Vermont who specializes in the disorder.

“We would look for things like a persistently sad mood. Losing interest in things. Sleep changes. Significant eating or appetite change. Losing energy. Fatigue. Difficulty concentrating,” she says. At Yale’s Winter Depression Research Clinic, the most commonly reported symptoms of winter depression are hypersomnia—the desire to sleep more than usual—and an increased appetite, says Paul Desan, a psychiatrist and the clinic’s director.

“It’s like human beings are trying to hibernate,” says Desan. Most people begin experiencing symptoms in young adulthood, but SAD can begin at any stage of life. The condition also varies by sex.  “About three times as many women as men get SAD for reasons we don’t understand,” says Desan…..Continue reading

Source: The science behind seasonal depression

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Related contents:

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a mood disorder subset, in which people who have normal mental health throughout most of the year exhibit depressive symptoms at the same time each year, commonly but not always in the wintertime, with reduced sunlight.Common symptoms include sleeping too much, having little to no energy, and overeating.The condition in the summer can include heightened anxiety.

In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV and DSM-5, its status was changed. It is no longer classified as a unique mood disorder, but is now a specifier, called “with seasonal pattern“, for recurrent major depressive disorder that occurs at a specific time of the year, and fully remits otherwise.

Although experts were initially skeptical, this condition is now recognized as a common disorder. However, the validity of SAD has been questioned by a 2016 analysis by the Center for Disease Control, in which no links were detected between depression and seasonality or sunlight exposure.

In the United States, the percentage of the population affected by SAD ranges from 1.4% of the population in Florida, to 9.9% in Alaska.[8] SAD was formally described and named in 1984, by Norman E. Rosenthal and colleagues at the National Institute of Mental Health.

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Managing Stress At Work: Three Things Your Employer Could Do For You

Earning a living can be stressful. Whether it’s time constraints, difficult colleagues, a lack of autonomy, or an unreasonable workload, it’s hard to think of a job that doesn’t come with a certain amount of pressure.

This can have a negative impact on a person’s mental and physical health, and is a major cause of long-term absence from work. An excessive level of stress is bad for people, and it’s also bad for the organisations they work for.

Often though, the responsibility for managing stress is left with the employee. Employers tend to think their role lies in helping staff better manage their own individual situations, perhaps by changing their own behaviour or perceptions.

This may involve things like time management workshops or mindfulness classes – ideas directed at the individual with the aim of enabling them to be better at their job.

But these kinds of interventions place the burden of ultimate responsibility on the employee. And in doing so, organisations feel less obliged to alter the stressful environment by increasing resources, reviewing job descriptions or improving manager training. To get an alternative view, I spoke to employees about their experiences of attempts to reduce stress levels in the work place. And here are three things your organisation could actually do for you to reduce work related stress

1. Identify stress points

It is impossible to tackle the causes of stress if an organisation doesn’t know what they are. During my research, participants spoke of the importance of initiating and maintaining dialogue between various groups including employees, trade unions, human resources and senior management.

This can be done by regular “pulse checking”, using surveys or one-to-one reviews and a continual observation of staff wellbeing. One housing association employee told me that at their work place, “the union was hammering on the door to [hold] a stress survey”. She added: “[Management] know it’s a top issue.”

2. Train managers

My research suggests that the role of managers is a key part of employee wellbeing. Managers tend to be the ones in charge of setting deadlines, communicating expectations and dealing with employees’ successes and failures.

Due to their crucial role, it is vital that any employee with managerial responsibilities receives proper training. This could cover aspects of making deadlines reasonable, being educated on the various help mechanisms that the organisation has in place for their employees and tools to help managers identify stress in their teams.

Management training can – and should – look different in every organisation and department due to their unique qualities and challenges.

One major management quality that was underestimated (but considered by many to be invaluable) was compassion. Although some of my participants had very demanding jobs and personal circumstances, having a compassionate and well informed manager made all the difference to their day-to-day lives.

Someone who works in higher education commented: Management skills are not just about delegating the work – [they are about] building a team, recognising when people are struggling, and [being able] to approach that. It’s really personal.

Another said: “Some managers can be very supportive and understanding, but some managers would just say: ‘Do this, and I want it done today.’”And one respondent noted: “I think I’ve got the best manager going. She’s not only my manager, she’s my friend as well, and that’s nice. I can talk to her.”

Compassionate management can be as simple as asking how an employee is doing, properly listening to them, and perhaps a small gesture like having a cup of coffee together. It sounds simple, but compassion towards employees and colleagues tends to depend on individual behaviour rather than being something that is encouraged systematically at an organisational level.

3. Make someone responsible

When I asked who was responsible for managing stress in an organisation, many of the people I spoke to gave conflicting answers. Some (after much thought) said it was the HR department, while others (including a member of an HR department) said it was occupational health professionals.

A housing association employee described a situation where “there’s lots of work to be done [around stress] but no one is leading on it, no one is joining it up”. They added: “It’s all been very hit and miss.”

The lack of clarity is an obvious cause for concern. If nobody knows who is in charge of a particular aspect of employee wellbeing, it is unlikely to be properly addressed. There needs to be clarity – and accountability – around who is responsible for managing stress, so that initiatives can be put in place, and so that people know where to turn when they need help.

By:

Teaching Associate in Human Resource Management, University of Manchester

Source: Managing stress at work: three things your employer could do for you

.

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The Power of Social Touch: How a Loving Caress Really Can Ease Anxiety

(George Wylesol for The Washington Post)

When Valentine’s Day arrives Tuesday, many people will show their love and affection with cards, chocolates and gifts, but there is another way to make your partner or family member feel good — through touch. Studies show that social touch is essential to our mental well-being and can reduce stress and pain while helping us bond with one another.

Physical isolation during the coronavirus pandemic led many to develop “skin hunger” and resulted in an uptick in mental health problems. One 2021 study surveying almost 1,500 participants reported that deprivation of intimate touch from close family and partners was associated with worse feelings of anxiety and loneliness.

Lack of friendly or professional touch from friends, acquaintances or work colleagues did not have the same impact on mental health.How we can feel social touch. Social touch is so important for our well-being that we have specific cells in our skin to detect it. Our skin gives us the power of discriminative touch, which allows us to feel the pressure, texture and vibration of objects.

But our skin also has sensors known as C-tactile fibers or afferents that are specifically sensitive to social touch from people and the caress of a loved one. C-tactile fibers innervate hairy skin and are optimized to detect the gentle stroking touch of 1 to 10 centimeters (half- to four inches) per second that many people say is pleasant. If the movement is too fast or too slow, not only are the C-tactile fibers less responsive but people also find the sensation less pleasing.

Interestingly, they are also more attuned to warmer temperatures of around 32 degrees Celsius (almost 90 degrees Fahrenheit), akin to the warmth of a person’s skin. There are individual differences, however, in the need and craving for social touch. “I think touch is very important,” said Mariana von Mohr, a researcher specializing in social cognition at Royal Holloway University of London.

“But at the same time, we have to be a bit careful about these individual differences because there are people that might prefer to connect in some other way.” But in general, intimate touch between loved ones is important for emotional regulation and social buffering, where being together with others helps us handle and recover from stress.

The benefits of social touch

Social touch causes the release of the social-bonding hormone oxytocin in the brain, which is thought to reduce anxiety and pain. Von Mohr’s research has found that romantic partners felt less pain when receiving a slow, stroking touch compared with a faster touch. Other studies have found that touch enhances intimacy between couples.

In one study, 84 adult women participated in an experiment showcasing the soothing power of affective touch on feelings of social exclusion. Each participant played Cyberball, an online ball-tossing game, with two other players who, unbeknown to the subjects, were bots that would eventually stop throwing the virtual ball to the participant.

When that happens, it can produce a profound sense of social exclusion, and even led to “one participant actually smashing the computer,” von Mohr said. But when half of the participants received a slow, affective touch from the experimenter afterward, their feelings of social exclusion were partially mitigated. The other half of participants who received a fast-stroking touch, which would not activate C-tactile fibers, did not experience similar relief.

This is akin to a mother comforting a child after a similar experience of social hurt, von Mohr said. “We do this sometimes without realizing how good it is,” she said. All mammals that have been studied have C-tactile fibers, suggesting that these sensory cells — and the ability to detect social touch — are evolutionarily conserved and essential, said Ishmail Abdus-Saboor, a biological scientist specializing in touch research at Columbia University’s Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute.

From skin to brain for pleasurable social touch

Research suggests that social-touch-sensitive neurons may be key for making the touch of a loved one feel good, which in turn helps bind us. A study in Cell this month found that directly stimulating neurons in female mice — similar to C-tactile fibers in humans — can release dopamine, a neurochemical associated with reward, in their brains. These Mrgprb4 neurons are also necessary for female mice to be receptive to sexual advances from male mice.

Using optogenetics, a now-mainstay neuroscience technique that allows researchers to manipulate the activities of specific neurons by shining a light on them, researchers activated the Mrgprb4 sensory cells on the back, an important area for social touch in mice where they groom and huddle together. The researchers saw that the female mice would lower their backs in response to the light, which is lordosis, a female mouse sexual behavior indicating receptivity to a male mouse.

The finding that activating cells in the skin can trigger a “social touch-like behavior even without other sensory cues” such as the presence of another mouse “was pretty surprising,” said Abdus-Saboor, who was an author of the new study. Stimulating Mrgprb4 neurons was pleasurable, and female mice spent more time in designated sections of the cage where researchers activated the cells.

Intriguingly, stimulating these sensory neurons and engaging in sexual behavior both released dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, a key brain area associated with reward. But when the researchers genetically ablated these Mrgprb4 sensory neurons, sexual experiences no longer released dopamine and the female mice began rejecting the male mice’s advances after their first experience.

The male mouse’s touch was no longer rewarding, and the male’s advances were no longer welcome. The female mouse would even become combative with her paws up, making herself inaccessible to the male. “I sometimes think she throws a punch,” said Leah Elias, a postdoctoral researcher at Johns Hopkins University who conducted the study as a graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania.

Though this study examined the importance of pleasurable touch to sexual behaviors in mice, the researchers say the Mrgprb4 cells also play a role in other forms of affiliative social touch such as play. Before the touch signals reach the brain, “even at the first relay station in the skin, there are already dedicated cells that are competent to engage social stimuli,” Abdus-Saboor said. Their research opens up a potential target for future therapeutics that can use the skin to access reward circuits to help treat trauma or depression.

“Just by activating these neurons in the skin, you kind of have a highway to the brain,” Elias said. “It’s kind of a gold mine.”With just a hug, a caress or a gentle squeeze of the hand, we can already take advantage of the power of social touch. To feel better, healthier and more connected, skin deep is a good place to start.

By

Source: The power of social touch: How a loving caress really can ease anxiety – The Washington Post

.

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Practicing Self-Compassion For Mental Health

I don’t want this to be a sob story. I do however, want this to be a story of learning, understanding, and self-love. I want to talk about practicing self-compassion for mental health. What is self-compassion? Well read this excerpt from Dr. Kristin Neff regarding self-compassion that is a beautiful introduction to self-compassion:

“Having compassion for oneself is really no different than having compassion for others. Think about what the experience of compassion feels like. First, to have compassion for others you must notice that they are suffering. If you ignore that homeless person on the street, you can’t feel compassion for how difficult his or her experience is. Second, compassion involves feeling moved by others’ suffering so that your heart responds to their pain (the word compassion literally means to “suffer with”).

When this occurs, you feel warmth, caring, and the desire to help the suffering person in some way. Having compassion also means that you offer understanding and kindness to others when they fail or make mistakes, rather than judging them harshly. Finally, when you feel compassion for another (rather than mere pity), it means that you realize that suffering, failure, and imperfection is part of the shared human experience. “There but for fortune go I.”

First of all, isn’t that excerpt fu**ing beautiful?! I don’t know about you but it gave me this overflow of warmth to know that I can make my pain and suffering go away by being more compassionate towards myself. Self-compassion is taking that concept of being kind towards others through difficult times, but towards ourselves to alleviate some of the suffering. In some way it then leads us to more of an understanding of our pain and allows us to make changes by reinforcing a positive mindset and view of our actual reality.

Anyway I need to be honest with you all. Lately I’ve been feeling very unhealthy. I had to leave my job, I’ve lost weight (and I’m already tiny!), I go to bed late and sleep in, my appetite is a mess, my anxiety is through the roof, and I’ve had random crying spells throughout the days. Also, my relationship is a mess, basically it no longer makes me happy.

Not to mention I’ve had a lot of new medical issues adding on to my decline in health. WHEW. Isn’t that a lot of heavy, toxic shit?! Excuse my language. Anyways, as a result I’ve been beating myself up constantly and not having the energy to follow through with what I’d like to. I have been very hard on myself and adding fuel to my already mountain of fire.

Where do I even go from here? The thing is, I know the things I have to do but I don’t want to do them. I give myself excuses and develop this negative self-talk that basically makes me fear moving forward and doing the things I need to do. I am completely hating myself instead of filling my soul up with positivity, love, and self-compassion.

I want to paint this picture because as many of my readers with mental health issues, it is DIFFICULT to get yourself out of a slump when you are wrapped up in so many unhealthy situations. But I want to talk about self-compassion anyways because as the saying goes, nothing changes if nothing changes. And OMG do I want to change.

Here are some ways we can practice self-compassion:

Be kind to yourself

This can be very difficult to do. Being kind to yourself is a way to let yourself off the map and tell yourself you are doing the best you can in the situation you are in. It is okay to fail and remember that no one has it together 100% so why should you beat yourself up for something that isn’t attainable?! Feel empathy towards yourself like you would a stranger or loved one going through difficult times instead of beating yourself up for not being good enough for something. Here is what Dr. Neff has to say about it:

“Self-compassionate people recognize that being imperfect, failing, and experiencing life difficulties is inevitable, so they tend to be gentle with themselves when confronted with painful experiences rather than getting angry when life falls short of set ideals”.

Understand bad memories

Instead thinking about a bad argument with a loved one, an emotional breakdown at work, the lady who frustrated you at the grocery store for walking slow, focus on what it was you NEEDED at that time. If you were arguing with a loved one, was it because you dislike them OR because at that time you needed to be heard?

And that lady at the grocery store, was she walking slow to piss you off or is it that you needed to be seen? Shifting your perspective about certain incidents that trigger you can be a way of setting them free and allowing them to no longer hold emotional value in your life. After you realize what it was you needed, you can work on that without the memory holding you back.

We are all human

This is a big one. Often, we start placing blame in our shortcomings by taking it out on ourselves and create this lifestyle and mindset that is full of frustration because “no one understands”. If no one understands then we isolate ourselves and close our own doors to the outside world. We think that nobody else can understand and by closing ourselves off, we are not being compassionate towards our own needs.

It is important to know we you are human, and it is okay to mess up and have issues. It isn’t okay for you to think that you are the only one suffering. I am sure MANY of you can relate to my personal story.

Be your own friend

When a friend or loved one is feeling blue, we attempt to console them by taking them out in the community or doing an activity together. As children we would play make believe and be content playing by ourselves, right? Right. So why is it when WE are feeling down, we attempt to do nothing for our own emotional needs? I for one, wrap myself up on the coach and I swear sometimes I think I just stare at a wall. But that’s probably my depression talking.

Regardless, we need to be our own friends! Experiences and adventure can increase our gratitude (read here). Appreciating new things can allow us to be more compassionate to our own dilemma’s because we start to see that we CAN heal and we CAN go on and things WILL be okay because we have the power to change by involving ourselves in healthier activities. So, take a yoga class, go on a walk, go get ice cream, take a pottery class, or travel. Be your own friend.

Make healthier choices

If we feel like crap, think we look like crap, and constantly doubt our abilities…well we are going to continue feeling like crap. One way to practice self-compassion is to love our body and take into consideration that we, as much as any one else is this world, deserve our love and attention. We are worthy and we should treat ourselves as if we are.

Making healthier choices through nutrition, fitness, and lifestyle are great actions to take to show our appreciation towards ourselves. You don’t have to shift all at once. For example, with my eating issues and body weight at this moment, all I could accomplish is to get myself some vitamins and probiotics to improve my gut health because I care about my health and I deserve to be happy. And that is a start to self-compassion.

Be a good person

The Law of Attraction states that energy flows where attention goes. If we are attacking ourselves and attacking and questioning others, well guess what is going to happen? Nothing good or positive that’s for sure. Focus your energy on being a good person towards others. If we are non-judgmental towards others, it will trasnfer to our own thoughts and feelings about who we are.

Feel

Feel your pain. Feel your emotions and then let them go. Here is what Dr. Neff has to say about feeling:

“Self-compassion is a practice of goodwill, not good feelings. In other words, even though the friendly, supportive stance of self-compassion is aimed at the alleviation of suffering, we can’t always control the way things are. If we use self-compassion practice to try to make our pain go away by suppressing it or fighting against it, things will likely just get worse.

With self-compassion we mindfully accept that the moment is painful, and embrace ourselves with kindness and care in response, remembering that imperfection is part of the shared human experience. This allows us to hold ourselves in love and connection, giving ourselves the support and comfort needed to bear the pain, while providing the optimal conditions for growth and transformation”.

Flow with consistency

Immerse yourself in something new, something you want to learn, or something you love and enjoy. Total absorption in what you’re doing can enhance positive emotions and create a feeling of accomplishment. This reminds you that you are able and you have the capability to accomplish whatever you set your mind to. It is also a great way to get out of your ruminative thoughts.

If you’re like me and can’t find where to start. Start small but the important thing is to treat yourself with loving kindness and remind yourself that you will get through this, just like you have gotten through other difficult situations.

By: Natalie, Wellness Blogger

Source: Practicing Self-Compassion for Mental Health – Zana Wellness

.

Related contents:

The Art and Importance of Selfcompassion W/Kimberley Quinlan The Good Men Project

18:21 Thu, 05 Jan
19:27 Tue, 03 Jan
00:30 Thu, 22 Dec
01:06 Sun, 18 Dec
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DesignaSuite      https://jvz2.com/c/202927/297271
DesignBeast    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/371547
DevelopSelfEmpowerment     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/383094/
DezignBiz    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/389394/
DFYContentClub     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/381337/
DFYSuite   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/381194/
Diabetes Guide    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/358870/
Diddly Pay’s    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/315596
Diet fitness diabetes   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/286851
Domainname    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/377005
Dominate Email   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/386980/
Doodleoz   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/388622/
Doodleoz   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/388700/
Dropshiply   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383483/
DUX Forex Signals   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/128215/
Easy NFT  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381381/
EasyIllustratedeBooks    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/66190/
EasyRankr   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/357707/
EBook Agency    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/384573/
Ejaculation Total   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/75989/
Email Monetizer    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/386337/
EngagerMate  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/328172
EngageYard   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/383051/
Explaindio    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/123757/
Extreme Adz   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/379244/
Extreme Coupon  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/216101/
EZ Local Appointment  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/385180/
EZDeals  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/377689/
Ezy  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/381935/
Ezy MultiStores  https://jvzoo.com/c/202927/381935
Facebook Cash Machine   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/382333/
Facedrip  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/376325/
FaceSwap   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381768/
Fade To Black   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/344541
Fanpage  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/144349
Fitness Nutrition   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/353334/
FitnessVideo   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/390717/
Followup Builder   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/386313/
Forex Atlatian   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/25069/
Forex Blizz   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/144577/
Forex Blue Stark  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/47481/
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Forex Hybrid Scalper    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/95037/
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Forex Scouts   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/132677/
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FusionMT4    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/372523/
FX Goldminer  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/381439/
Galactic  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/188236/
Gaming job   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/184902  s
Genesis Mining   https://www.genesis-mining.com/a/2535466
Gluten free   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/296191
GMB Snap  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/376661/
Graphic Alta  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/324492/
Heal Your Emptiness   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/384848/
High Converting Emails  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/386305/
HostLegends    https://jvz4.com/c/202927/384774/
Hostley Domain Creator   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/379223/
Human Synthesys Studio  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/367353/
ImageX   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/363237/
IMSyndicator  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/370769
Inboxr   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/312692
Insta Keyword    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/351606/
Instant Website   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/377557
InstantWebsiteBundle          https://jvz6.com/c/202927/377557
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KlickCourse   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/385006/
KlickXCopy    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/385458/
Klippyo Kreators  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/327447
KoinCart   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/383555/
Leadono   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/384592/
LeadsGorilla   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/390077/
Leadvalet   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/385580/
LegalSuites   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/388896/
Levidio Royal Podcasting   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/384025/
Linkable DFY   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/385873/
Linkomatic  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/380937/
LiteTrading   https://www.litefinance.com/?uid=929237543
Live Your Truth  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/379020
Living An Intentional Life    https://jvzoo.com/c/202927/382455
Living an International Life    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/382455/
Local Leader   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/383751/
Local Sites   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/380543/
LocalAgencyBox  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/359468
LocalCentric   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/379339/
LocalioAI    https://jvz6.com/c/202927/378310/
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MarketPresso   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/343043/
Massfluence  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/386885/
Mat1 Simple Funnel   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/380197/
Maxslides  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/376842
Mech Forex Robot   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/383447/
MediaCloudPro   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/343635
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Motion Kingdom Studio  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/383177/
Movid Animation  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/380385/
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MyMailIt   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/292919
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Next Drive  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/371095/
NichBox  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/370705/
Organic Life Guide  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/366872/
Pcommerce   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/372265/
Phemex  https://phemex.com/register-vt1?referralCode=D8HUS2
Photokit  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/373207/
PicsAds   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/385468/
PigMoneyMethod   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/377665/
Pipstock    http://pipstockexchange.com/register?ref=204
Pitchdeck   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/347847/
Pixal  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/378775/
PixaStudio    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/373089/
Pixivid   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/385213/
PlanB Muscle Growth   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/36517/
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Podcast Advantage   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/379995/
Podcast Masterclass  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/379998/
PodKastr    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/369500/
PopLinks    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/368095/
Postradamus     https://jvz6.com/c/202927/108695
Power Reviews    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/384625/
PowerHabits  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/390625/
Powrsuite   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/390564/
PR Rage  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/343405
Prime Stocks   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/369164
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ShopABot   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/291955
ShopFunnels   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/384069/
SocialAgency360   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/385357/
SocialMediaMarketing   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/243553/
SociCake  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/321987
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SociJam  https://jvz2.com/c/202927/309649
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Stackable Picture   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/385046/
Steven Alvey’s   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/351754
Stock Mages   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/388669/
Stoodaio   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/388794/
Storymate    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/320972
StoryReel   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/387813/
StreamPilot   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/385431/
Studioninja   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/374965
Sunday Freebie  https://jvz1.com/c/202927/267113/
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Syndranker    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/378143/
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Tonai Voice Content   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/383119/
Toon Video Maker    https://jvz2.com/c/202927/357201
TrafficForU   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/381950/
Trendio  https://jvz3.com/c/202927/381003/
TubePal   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/379863/
Tubeserp   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/370472
TubeTargeter  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/377211
TuneMingo    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/386556/
TV Boss Fire  https://jvz6.com/c/202927/379480/
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Videevolve   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/381011/
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Video Campaignor      https://jvz4.com/c/202927/387058/
Video Games   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/184902/
VideoEnginePro     https://jvz2.com/c/202927/372916
VideoGameSuite    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/366537/
VideoRobot Enterprise   https://jvz8.com/c/202927/291061
VidKreate   https://jvz6.com/c/202927/386029/
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VidRaffle   https://jvz2.com/c/202927/386840/
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Viral Quotes      https://jvz2.com/c/202927/386984/
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VoiceBuddy    https://jvz1.com/c/202927/342854
Voiclet   https://jvz4.com/c/202927/388755/
VR Studio  https://jvz8.com/c/202927/388296/
WebCop  https://jvz4.com/c/202927/378683/
Webinarkit   https://jvz3.com/c/202927/383937/
Webprimo   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/379455/
WordPress Mastery   https://jvz1.com/c/202927/386249/
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WP GDPR    https://jvz8.com/c/202927/299907
WP Simulator    https://jvz3.com/c/202927/46987/
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